Who Has A Higher Risk of Diabetes?

Diabetes is a common disease that can affect men and women as well as children. There are many complications of diabetes so it is important to know the factors that can increase the risk of diabetes.

There are many factors that increase the risk of diabetes in an individual. This article is going to focus those factors in brief –

Genetic factors – Many separate genetic mechanisms increase the risk of diabetes and its various manifestations and these differ in type 1 and 2 diabetes.

Sugar intake – A high intake of sugar is certainly associated with a high prevalence of obesity. It is unlikely that sucrose has a specific diabetogenic effects.

Dietary restrictions – Restrictions on the food supply of a community affect diabetes. Rationing is beneficial to individuals susceptible to diabetes.

Certain diseases – A minority of cases of diabetes occur as a result of diseases which destroy the pancreas and lead to impaired secretion of insulin, e.g., pancreatitis, haemo-chromatosis, carcinoma of the pancreas and pancreatectomy.

Obesity – Although most type 2 diabetics are obese, only a minority of obese patients develop diabetes. Whether or not an obese patient develops diabetes properly depends on genetic factors. In obesity there is impaired insulin uptake by receptors in target tissues.

Dietary fiber – In many African countries the fiber content of the diet is high and prevalence of diabetes low. In prosperous communities this relationship tends to be reversed.

Acute stress – The normal glucose homeostasis in the body is achieved by a delicate interplay of various hormones. The body releases adrenaline, noradrenaline and cortisol hormones that raise blood glucose levels to provide a quick source of energy for coping with stress. In acute cases of stress blood glucose levels may rise quite profoundly and in extreme cases diabetic ketosis and coma also may result particularly in those with a genetic predisposition.

Malnutrition – Prolonged malnutrition can also lead to diabetes mellitus.

Infections – There is increasing evidence that type 1 diabetes, especially in the younger patients, follows a coxsackie or other virus infection. There is sometimes a long interval between the infection and the onset of symptoms. The virus may trigger an autoimmune reaction in the pancreatic islets and this impairs insulin secretion and ultimately destroys the ² cells.

Disclaimer: This article is not meant to provide health advice and is for general information only. Always seek the insights of a qualified health professional before embarking on any health program.

Diabetes – What Are the Risk Factors?

There are two types of diabetes, the diabetes mellitus and the diabetes insipidus. The diabetes mellitus occurs when the pancreas is unable to produce insulin completely or produces very little of it. Insulin enables cells in the body to absorb glucose, which is a form of sugar that is got when food is digested and it is the primary source of energy needed by the body. This lack of insulin leads to an accumulation of glucose in the blood and urine, as a result the person suffers turbulence of protein and fat metabolism, constant thirst, hunger and frequent urination.

The diabetes insipidus is not very common and it occurs when the body lacks a hormone known as vasopressin whose function is to control urine secretion.

Diabetes Mellitus is classified into two types. Type I also called insulin dependent diabetes manifests itself during childhood and it occurs when the pancreas completely stops producing insulin. The second type is called the Type II also known as the non-insulin dependent diabetes; it affects adults and sometimes teenagers. This condition occurs when the pancreas produces very little insulin or when the insulin is not properly used by the body cells.

People who are likely to suffer diabetes include adults over 45, individuals who are overweight or physically unfit, those who hail from families who have a history of diabetes. The most vulnerable races include Africans and Native Americans however reports show that Native Americans have the highest occurrence of diabetes compared to others globally.

There are available diagnostic tests for diabetes. One is done through an oral glucose tolerance test where the glucose level in the blood is measured before and after the individual is given an amount of sugar. The other type of test allows one to recognize certain antibodies which are only found in a diabetic. These tests are vital since they can help one detect diabetes early hence reducing further complications brought about by the disease.

Diabetes is treated by controlling the blood sugar level as well as preventing complications. Diabetes natural care involves maintaining a healthy lifestyle by eating a well balanced diet and exercising on a regular basis. It is important to note that Type I diabetes insulin injections need to be given two or four times within a day, while the Type II is treated through diet control, weight reduction and exercise.